a conversation about tech, human rights,
and internet freedom brought to you by the Tor Project

PrivChat is a fundraising event series held to raise donations for the Tor Project. Through PrivChat, we will bring you important information related to what is happening in tech, human rights, and internet freedom by convening experts for a chat with our community.

PrivChat is free to attend. If you get value out of these events and you like Tor, please consider becoming a monthly donor. Reliable, predictable support is the best way to ensure Tor remains strong and stable.

Our goal with PrivChat is to build a two-way support system. You will get access to information from leading minds thinking about and working on privacy, technology, and human rights. And the Tor Project will be more agile in our development as a result of your support, allowing us to respond more rapidly to increasing surveillance and censorship threats (and host more PrivChats)!

PrivChat with Tor

Chapter #6 - Privacy is a human right

12/15 ∙ 19:00 UTC ∙ 14:00 Eastern ∙ 11:00 Pacific ∙ @torproject YouTube channel


Privacy is about protecting what makes us humans: our day-to-day behavior, our personality, our fears, our relationships, and our vulnerabilities. Everyone deserves privacy. The United Nations even codified privacy as a human right in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. However, governments, corporations, and other powerful entities routinely block us from exercising our right to privacy through surveillance, monitoring, and tracking.

Activists, human rights defenders, minorities and people protesting for change are often the targets of this surveillance, and thus have a unique perspective on the critical importance of privacy and anonymity online.

In this edition of PrivChat, we're bringing together a group of panelists with direct experience as activists or working with activist groups who will talk about their experiences with surveillance and privacy:

Join Ali Gharavi, Senior Programme Specialist, Swedish International Development Agency; Nadya Tolokonnika, artist, activist, and founding member of Pussy Riot; and Nicholas Merrill, founder and Executive Director, the Calyx Institute to discuss their experiences with surveillance and why fighting for privacy is a key part of ensuring human rights for all.

Cindy Cohn, Executive Director of EFF, will join us as our host and moderator.


Cindy Cohn

Executive Director, Electronic Frontier Foundation

Cindy Cohn is the Executive Director of the Electronic Frontier Foundation. From 2000-2015 she served as EFF's Legal Director as well as its General Counsel. In 1993, EFF she served lead attorney in Bernstein v. Dept. of Justice, the successful First Amendment challenge to the U.S. export restrictions on cryptography. Among other honors, Ms. Cohn was named to TheNonProfitTimes 2020 Power & Influence TOP 50 list, and in 2018, Forbes included Ms. Cohn as one of America's Top 50 Women in Tech. In 2013, The National Law Journal named Ms. Cohn one of 100 most influential lawyers in America, noting: "If Big Brother is watching, he better look out for Cindy Cohn."

شرکت کنندگان

Ali Gharavi

Senior Programme Specialist, Swedish International Development Agency

Ali Gharavi has been a leader in facilitation, mentoring, and strategic accompaniment of Human Rights Defenders' organizations for more than 18 years, and is co-author of Holistic Security - A manual for Human Rights Defenders. He has helped in designing and implementing programs entailing long-term, multidisciplinary accompaniment of HRD organizations to ensure their sustainability and strategic success. Ali has facilitated, trained, and consulted over 200 HRD projects, organizations, and foundations and has worked in this capacity in over 50 countries. He is currently working as a Senior Programme Specialist at the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA)'s Unit for Democracy and Human Rights, with a concentration on Freedom of Expression and Information and Communication Technologies.

Nadya Tolokonnika

Artist, activist, and founding member of Pussy Riot

Nadya Tolokonnika is a conceptual artist, activist, and founding member of Pussy Riot, a global feminist protest art movement. Pussy Riot stands for gender fluidity, inclusivity, matriarchy, love, laughter, decentralization, anarchy, and anti-authoritarianism. Today, hundreds of people identify as a part of the Pussy Riot community. In 2012, Nadya was sentenced to 2 years' imprisonment following an anti-Putin performance and went through a hunger strike protesting savage prison conditions and ended up being sent to a Siberian penal colony, where she managed to maintain her artistic activity and with her prison punk band she put together to tour around Siberian labor camps. In 2018, she has published a book, Read and Riot: A Pussy Riot Guide to Activism. In 2021, Pussy Riot joined PleasrDAO, a supporter of a stronger female representation in the NFT space, as a member.

Nicholas Merrill

Founder and Executive Director, the Calyx Institute

Nicholas Merrill is the founder and Executive Director of The Calyx Institute. Previous to this, he founded the for-profit Calyx Internet Access Corporation in 1995, one of the first commercial Internet service providers operating in New York City. His work focuses on promoting privacy and freedom of expression online and in the telecommunications industry. Nick is a recipient of the ACLU\u2019s Roger Baldwin Medal of Liberty and the Bill of Rights Defense Committee\u2019s Patriot Award.

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PrivChat with Tor Chapter #5 - Protection against Pegasus

With Likhita, Etienne Maynier and John Scott-Railton. Hosted by Roger Dingledine.

Every year, governments, law enforcement agencies, militaries, and corporations invest billions of dollars into building and buying malicious spyware--software designed to silently infiltrate a user's device and allow attackers to view the contents without detection. This year, the Pegasus Project revealed that users of this kind of spyware, known as Pegasus and built by the NSO group, had targeted the phones that belong to thousands of people in more than 50 countries, including business executives, politicians, journalists, and human rights activists. In this edition of PrivChat, join Likhita and Etienne Maynier of Amnesty International and John Scott-Railton of Citizen Lab to discuss how people can protect themselves, what organizations we can support to stop this abuse and who is working on safer, more private software that we can trust?

PrivChat with Tor Chapter #4 - 25th Anniversary of Onion Routing

With Roger Dingledine, Nick Mathewson, Paul Syverson. Hosted by Gabriella Coleman.

Celebrate 25 years of onion routing with Tor! May 31, 2021 marks the 25th anniversary of the first public presentation of onion routing in Cambridge, UK at Isaac Newton Institute's first Information Hiding Workshop.

You're invited to celebrate this special moment with us to talk about the beginnings of onion routing, and how this idea became Tor, and how the Tor Project eventually came to be. We\u2019ll be joined by Paul Syverson, one of the authors of the first onion routing paper, together with the Tor Project co-founders Roger Dingledine and Nick Mathewson.

We'll reflect on the first days of the onion routing network at the U.S. Naval Research Lab (NRL). (Back then, onion router connections went through five nodes instead of Tor's current three-nodes design!) It's no secret that the concept of onion routing originated at NRL (it's on our history page), but there is so much more we want to share about how Tor started and where we've come in the last 25 years.

PrivChat with Tor Chapter #3 - Tor Advancing Human Rights

With Alison Macrina, Berhan Taye and Ramy Raoof. Hosted by Ed Snowden.

The Tor Project's main mission is to advance human rights and freedoms by creating and deploying free and open source anonymity and privacy technologies. People use our technology, namely the Tor network and Tor Browser, in diverse ways. Tor is used by whistleblowers who need a safe way to bring to light information about wrongdoing -- information that is crucial for society to know -- without sharing their identity. Tor is used by activists around the world who are fighting against authoritarian governments and to defend human rights, not only for their safety and anonymity, but also to circumvent internet censorship so their voices can be heard. Tor allows millions of people to protect themselves online, no matter what privilege they have or don't have. For our third edition of PrivChat, we are bringing you some real-life Tor users who will share how Tor has been important for them and their work to defend human rights and freedoms around the world.

PrivChat with Tor فصل شماره 2 - خوب، بد و زشتِ دور زدن سانسور

With Felicia Anthonio, Vrinda Bhandari, Cecylia Bocovich and Arturo Filastò. Hosted by Cory Doctorow.

هر سال سانسور اینترنت به‌صورت جهانی افزایش می‌یابد. حکومت‌ها و شرکت‌های خصوصی ابزارهای قدرت‌مندی برای محدودسازی اطلاعات و ممانعت از اتصالات بین افراد، از مسدودسازی در سطح شبکه گرفته تا قطعی اینترنت در سراسر کشور دارند. بسیاری از افراد، گروه‌ها و سازمان‌ها کارهای نوآورانه‌ای را برای مطالعه، سنجش و مبارزه با سانسور اینترنتی انجام می‌دهند و به میلیون‌ها نفر کمک می‌کنند که به‌طور منظم و ایمن به اینترنت متصل شوند. با وجود این موفقیت‌ها، ما با افراد متخاصمی با تأمین مالی خوبی روبرو هستیم که میلیاردها دلار دارند تا برای مکانیسم‌های سانسور صرف کنند و مسابقه تسلیحاتی ادامه دارد. ویراست دوم PrivChat با Tor در مورد خوب، بد و زشتی خواهد بود که در خط مقدم دور زدن سانسور اتفاق می‌افتد. در دنیایی که فناوری سانسور به‌طور فزاینده‌ای پیچیده است و بین ملل خرید و فروش می‌شود، خلاقیت ما برای سنجش آن و ساخت ابزارهایی برای دور زدنش و همچنین تمایل مردم برای مقابله با آن نیز افزایش می‌یابد. اما آیا کافی است؟ موانع پیش روی مردم و سازمان‌هایی که برای آزادی اینترنت مبارزه می کنند چیست؟

PrivChat with Tor فصل #1 - حریم خصوصی آنلاین در سال 2020: فعالیت مدنی و کووید-19

With Carmela Troncoso, Daniel Kahn Gillmor and Matt Mitchell. Hosted by Roger Dingledine.

زمانی که همه‌گیری کووید-19 اکثر کشورهای جهان را درگیر کرد، بسیاری از دولت‌ها به دنبال فناوری برای ردیابی شیوع ویروس برای مبارزه با همه‌گیری بودند. روش‌ها و فن‌آوری‌های ردیابیِ تماس سؤالات زیادی در مورد حریم خصوصی ایجاد کرد، به ویژه: آیا می‌توان ویروس را با رعایت حریم خصوصی افراد ردیابی کرد؟ اکنون در بحبوحه قیام در ایالات متحده علیه نژادپرستی سیستمیک، و به دنبال آن اعتراضات در سراسر جهان، سؤال اصلی در مورد ردیابی تماس، حریم خصوصی و نظارت بسیار مهم می شود. آیا فناوری مورد استفاده برای ردیابی ویروس می تواند برای ردیابی معترضان استفاده شود؟ خواهد شد؟ برای اولین PrivChat ما، پروژه Tor سه مهمان شگفت انگیز را برای شما به ارمغان می آورد تا در مورد حریم خصوصی در این زمینه با ما گپ بزنند.